Lunda Tchokwe Conflict

LocationLundaTchokwe

The Lunda Tchokwe Territory is an unrecognized state in south-west Africa. Its borders were defined with the Treaty of the 25 May 1891, rectified on the 24 March 1894 and confirmed with the exchange of signatures on the 1 August 1894. The United Kingdom of Lunda Tchokwe is located in the Austral Equatorial Africa.  The United Kingdom of Lunda Tchokwe is approximately the same size as Spain; the Kingdom of Lunda Tchokwe has an area of 501,922 km2 compared to Spain that has an area of 505,992 km2.

In 1885 the Berlin Conference decided that African territories should belong to those European nations that establish “effective occupation”, and they rejected Portugal’s claim to control the mouth of the Congo River. Major Henrique de Carvalho was sent to the Lunda, and he made treaties with Chiefs and the Lunda King.

List of treaties and conventions signed between the Portuguese and the Lunda Tchokwe

– Protectorate Treaty signed between Portugal e Mona Samba (Capenda) on the 23 February 1885

– Protectorate Treaty signed between Portugal and Caungula (Xá Muteba) on the 31 of October 1885

– Protectorate Treaty signed between Portugal and Tchissengue and his Nobles Muananganas (Quiocos) on the 2 of September 1886

– Protectorate Treaty signed between Portugal and Muatianvua Ambinji Superior of the Calambas on the 1 of December 1886 in Lucusse Moxico

– Protectorate Treaty signed between Portugal and the Imperial Royal Court of King MUATIÂNVUA on the 18 of January 1887

– Agreement between Portugal and the Independent Free State of Kongo concerning the Lunda Territory 1890

Between 1917 and 1920 the Portuguese occupied the Lunda region east of the Kwango River. Diamonds had been found in 1912, and in 1920 the Diamang company took power and gave the Portuguese Government 5% of the shares and was exempted on taxes and duties on imported equipment. Diamang soon recruited 10,000 workers.

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