The Assam conflict is an insurgency in the Assam state of India.
The conflict started in the 1970s. It stems from tension between Assamese and alleged neglect and internal colonisation by the Indian government with its federal centre in Delhi. Additionally, the state is rich in oil resources. The Assamese Separatist Movement alone has taken a toll of 12,000 ULFA members and 18,000 others.
However, several organisations make up the insurgency, including the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA), Adivasi National Liberation Army, Karbi Longri N.C. Hills Liberation Front (KLNLF) and National Democratic Front of Bodoland(NDFB). ULFA is perhaps the largest of these groups, and one of the oldest, being founded in 1979. It has also attacked Hindi-speaking migrant workers.