Corsica Conflict


The Corsican Revolution was a war in which Corsican separatists attempted to free Corsica from centuries of Genoese rule. The war began in 1729, and the Corsicans were initially successful. In 1755, the Corsican Republic was created. The Republic of Genoa then turned to France in order to crush the rebellion. In 1764, France joined the war on the side of Genoa. In 1768, Genoa ceded Corsica to France. After France invaded Corsica, Great Britain was able to obtain an anti-France alliance with Spain and the Kingdom of Sardinia and declared war on France in order to free Corsica. Spain also used its influence to push the Kingdoms of Naples and Sicily into the war on Britain’s side. France then used the Franco-Austrian Alliance and the Hapsburg’s rivalry with the House of Savoy as leverage to convince the Austrian Empire to take its side in the conflict. Prussia then declared war on Austria in order to benefit from a possible British victory. Meantime, the Bar Confederation conspired to bring Poland and Russia into the war in order to gain French and possibly Austrian support. The Confederates lured a Russian detachment into Balta, which was in Ottoman territory. This incident led to the Ottoman Empire’s declaration of war against Russia. Austria then allied itself with the Bar Confederation in order to curb Russian expansion. Britain then used this opportunity to form an alliance with Russia. A conflict on an Mediterranean island now developed into a full-blown European war.

The National Liberation Front of Corsica (Corsican: Fronte di Liberazione Naziunale Corsu, or FLNC) is a militant group that advocates an independent state on the island of Corsica, separate from France. They also want all currently imprisoned members of the FLNC in France to be put into Corsican prisons. The organisation’s presence is primarily in Corsica and less so on the French mainland. Conculta Naziunalista is often considered to be the political wing of the organisation.[1]

Typical militant acts by the FLNC are bombings, aggravated assault, armed bank robbery and extortion through ‘revolutionary taxes’, and are mostly aimed at public buildings, banks, touristic infrastructure, military buildings and other symbols of French control. Usually the attack is against buildings and infrastructure and not against persons. The overwhelming majority of their attacks on the French mainland take place in or around the cities of Nice, Marseilles and Avignon.